Читання 9 клас Directions icon

Читання 9 клас Directions

НазваниеЧитання 9 клас Directions
Дата конвертации02.11.2012
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Читання 9 клас

Directions: In this test you will read five texts. Each text is fol­lowed by 10 multiple-choice ques­tions. You should do the tasks that follow a text on the basis of what is stated or implied in that text. For each task you will choose the best possible answer from four possible answers (A, B, C, or D), as specified prior to each task.

Text 1: Sutter’s Ill-kept Secret

Marshall couldn't wait to talk to his boss. He had ridden as fast as he could to get back to the fort. His clothes were soaked through from the heavy rain.

"I need to see you — alone", he said to Mr. Sutter, barely disguising his excitement. "Can we talk in your office?"

John Sutter was surprised to see Marshall. Only yesterday he had sent food and equipment up to the mill, and now here was Marshall back again. He couldn't imagine what Marshall wanted. Something serious must have happened up at the mill. Sutter escorted Marshall to his office and closed the door behind them. "Is the door locked?" Marshall asked nervously. Sutter knew that Marshall was a strange man, but the question surprised him. "No", Sutter replied, "but I can lock it if you wish". When he was certain no one could see them, Marshall pulled from his pocket a white cotton rag with something in it. When he opened it, a small quantity of bright metal particles fell out.

"I think I might have found gold up by the mill", Marshall said to Sutter as he handed him the specimens.

Sutter should have been elated by the discovery of gold, but he wasn't. He must have realized even then that the gold was going to bring lots of problems. When gold was discovered at the mill in 1848, Sutler had been in California for only ten years. California was a territory of Mexico at that time, and Sutter had given up his Swiss citizenship to become a Mexican citizen. His farm in northern California covered 50,000 acres and he had large numbers of sheep, cattle, and horses. He had become an important landowner in California, and he might even have become an important political figure — if the gold hadn't been discovered. But the discovery of gold turned everything around. What should have been a blessing turned out to be a disaster for Sutter.

Just nine days after gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill, California became art of the United States. For Sutter, the timing couldn't have been worse. Suddenly his ownership of the land in California was in question. And as the news f gold spread across the country, streams of people hurried to California in search of wealth. Many just moved onto Sutter's land and claimed it as their own. 4thout a police force to keep people off his land, Sutter's only recourse was to о to court. But that was an expensive and time-consuming process. By 1852, utter was bankrupt.

Even with the advantage of hindsight, it's hard to know what Sutter could have done. Maybe he should have kept the discovery of gold a secret. But like most of us, Sutter couldn't resist spreading good news.

1. Marshall wanted to see his boss ...

a) in private; b) in his cabinet; c) in public.

2. Only yesterday John Sutter sent...

a ) equipment to the mill; b) food and equipment down to the mill; c) supplies up to the mill;

3. The discovery of gold made the boss...

а) happy; b) sad; c) angry.

4. California belonged ...

a) to the USA in 1849; b) to Mexico in 1849; c) to Panama in 1849.

5. Slitter was...

a) Mexican by origin; b) Swiss by origin; c) California by origin.

6. He might have become

a) a landlord; b) a politician; c) a millionaire.

7. Sutter's ownership of the land in California was

a) demanded; b) suspected; c) disputed.

8. The newcomers claimed...

a) they had inherited Sutter's land; b) they had legal rights for the land; c) they had bought his land.

9. By 1852 Sutter was...

a) penniless; b) penny-pinching; c) penny-wise.

10. People like telling each other...

a) bad news; b) fast news; c) good news.

Text 2

Elvis Aaron Presley, American singer and actor, one of the most popular entertainers of the 20th century, is renowned as an early pioneer of rock-and-roll music and considered by many to be the genre's greatest performer.

In his youth, Presley attended churches where he was exposed to gospel music. He also listened to blues and country-and-western music and won a talent contest at the age often for a rendition of the country ballad "Old Shep".

Following high school, Presley worked as a truck driver. In 1953, while re­cording some songs as a birthday gift for his mother at a Memphis studio, Presley impressed the studio manager with his unique vocal style, demonstrating both outstanding range and influences of black American music. At age 21 Presley re­corded his first songs for a major record label, the Radio Corporation of America, including the original and popular "Heartbreak Hotel".

From 1956 to 1958, Presley starred in four motion pictures, all of which featured his soundtracks. After serving in the United States Armed Forces from 1958 to 1960, Presley appeared in numerous musical films. His public appeal faded during this period as his rebellious image gave way to the more wholesome persona developed in his film roles.

During the 1970s, facing personal difficulties, including a long-term drug dependency, Presley retreated from public appearances and was rarely seen out­side his Memphis mansion. His death, a subject of some controversy, has been officially attributed to heart failure, a likely result of Presley's chronic overuse of prescription barbiturates.

Known as the King of Western Bop and the Hillbilly Cat, Presley fused sounds of country music with black rhythm-and-blues influences and what was then the new rock-and-roll style. His unprecedented, electrically charged performances helped make Presley one of the first mass idols of United States popular culture.

11. A lot of people believe:

a) there has been no better rock-n-roll singer than Elvis Presley; b) Elvis Presley could outdo anyone in acting;

c) was the only one to start the genre of rock-n-roll; d) was the pioneer of the 20th century.

12. Presley's musical education consisted mainly of:

a) a church musical school; b) a rhythm-and-blues orchestra;

c) a combination of different styles; d) a country musical band.

13. The word "rendition" in line 3 may best stand for:

a) interpretation; b) transliteration; c) transcription; d) remix.

14. It can be inferred from the passage that Presley got involved in performing music:

a) at a rather old age; b) as a truck driver; c) quite young; d) by his mother.

15. The feature of Presley's singing was the clear influence of:

a) a studio manager; b) the African American style of performance; c) his age; d) his mother's birthday in Memphis.

16. The passage implies that:

a) Presley hated acting in movies; b) he became rather popular in a comparatively short period of time;

c) movie producers didn't like Presley's songs; d) Presley was a movie star rather than a singer.

17. The word "appeal" in line 10 may be best replaces with:

a) request; b) claim; c) attraction; d) service.

18. Presley's acting in movies:

a) brought him more recognition of the audience; b) had nothing to do with music;

c) slightly decreased his popularity; d) was never noticed.

19. During the last years of his life Presley:

a) was not very happy; b) started using drugs; c) performed only in Memphis; d) had a heart disease.

20. When on stage, Presley usually was:

a) dressed in electrical clothes; b) performing very emotionally; c) repairing electrical equipment; d) emitting electricity.

Text 3

In the 1400s, merchants and traders from Europe travelled long distances to the east by land and by sea. They exchanged, bought, and sold things to people in Asia. Merchants from Italy, Spain, and Portugal travelled to Asia to buy such things as jewels, gold, tea, and silk. They also bought salt and spices that were necessary to preserve food. The trade route back and forth to Asia by land was very long and difficult. On the sea, ships had to travel all the way around Africa. It was a long and dangerous trip.

An Italian sea captain and mapmaker named Christopher Columbus believed that there was an easier way to travel to Asia from Europe. In the 1400s, many people believed that the world was flat! They believed that ships would fall off the earth if they travelled too far west. Columbus believed that he could travel west across the Atlantic Ocean and arrive in Asia. He believed the world was round. Many people laughed at Columbus, but the queen of Spain believed Columbus was correct. She gave him money, ships, and men. He went to look for a faster trade route to Asia.

In 1492, Columbus travelled across the Atlantic Ocean with three ships. After about 30 days, he reached a land. He thought he had arrived in India. In fact, he had really found islands of North America. Columbus showed the world's people that the Earth was not flat! He opened up a "New World" for exploration, for trade, and for settlement.

When Columbus reached the islands of North America, he thought he was in India. He called the people on the island Indians. Of course, they were not Indians. They were Native Americans whose ancestors had migrated from Asia thousands of years ago. Millions of Native Americans lived in the Americas. They lived in many beautiful cities in over 2,000 separate and advanced societies. Many of these societies were attacked and totally destroyed by the Spanish and Portuguese who came after Columbus in the 1500s. These explorers came to find gold and other riches. They came to take new land for their countries. They killed the Native Americans, stole their women, their gold, their land, and their posses­sions. These explorers became rich and powerful. Spain and Portugal controlled all of the people and land in what are now the southern and western parts of the United States and all of Mexico, Central America, and South America. France and England also controlled land in North America.

21. Merchants and traders from Europe travelled long distances:

a) to the west by sea and by land; b) to the west by air and by see; c) to the east by sea and by land; d) to the east by land and by air.

22. The trade route to Asia by land was:

a) very time-consuming and hard; b) very short and easier said than done; c) very protracted and intricate;

d) very extensive and wide.

23. In the 1400s, many people believed that:

a) the earth was flat; b) the globe was unexciting; c) the planet was smooth; d) the world was routine.

24. It can be inferred from the passage that Columbus believed that:

a) the moon was around; b) the earth was rotating; c) the humanity was ill; d) the planet was round.

25. Among the people who didn't laugh at Columbus was:

a) the queen of Britain; b) the principal of Spain; c) the sovereign of Spain; d) the king of France.

26. The passage implies that Columbus travelled across:

a) the Atlantic Ocean with three vessels; b) the Atlantic Ocean with three ships;

c) the Pacific Ocean with three boats; d) the Atlantic Ocean with three dispatches.

27. Columbus thought he was:

a) in America; b) in Asia; c) in China; d) in India.

28. The word "ancestors" in line 14 may best stand for:

a) successors; b) descendants; c) predecessors; d) inheritors.

29. The explorers killed the Native Americans:

a) stole their women, their gold, their land, and their wealth; b) stole their women, their gold, their territory, and their things; c) stole their men, their gold bars, their land, and their possessions; d) stole their women, their gold, their terrain, and their gods.

30. Spain and Portugal controlled what are now:

a) the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Cuba and South America; b) the United States, South America, Mexico, and Central America; c) the United States, Panama, Central America, and South America; d) the United States, Central Africa, Mexico, and South America.


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