The functions of nouns ib the sentenses icon

The functions of nouns ib the sentenses



НазваниеThe functions of nouns ib the sentenses
Дата конвертации25.12.2012
Размер3.88 Kb.
ТипДокументы
1. /Tickets/Conditional sentences.doc
2. /Tickets/Modal Verbs.doc
3. /Tickets/Moods. Subjunctive Mood.doc
4. /Tickets/Must, should, ought compaired.doc
5. /Tickets/Must, to have to and to be to Compared.doc
6. /Tickets/Prepositions of time and place.doc
7. /Tickets/Should. Form expressing unreality.doc
8. /Tickets/The case of nouns.doc
9. /Tickets/The functions of nouns in the sentences.doc
10. /Tickets/The gender of nouns.doc
11. /Tickets/The nouns which are used only in the plural.doc
12. /Tickets/The use of article with some semantic groups.doc
13. /Tickets/The use of articles with geographic names.doc
14. /Tickets/The use of articles with proper names.doc
15. /Tickets/The use of tense aspect forms in the PV.doc
16. /Tickets/Types of Passive Constructions.doc
17. /Tickets/Документ Microsoft Word.doc
Conditional Sentences
Modal verbs are used to show speaker’s attitude toward the action or state indicated by the infinitive, they show if this action is considered as possible, impossible, probable, obligatory, necessary, advisable etc. M. v
Of the verb
Must, should and ought to compared
E. g. I must do it. (I want to do it). To have to expresses obligation or necessity imposed by circumstances. E. g
Prepositional phrases
Should. Form expressing unreality
The case of nouns
The functions of nouns ib the sentenses
The gender of nouns
The nouns which are used only in the plural
The use of article with some semantic groups
The use of articles with geographic names
The use of articles with proper names
The use of tense aspect forms in the pv
Types of Passive Constructions

The functions of nouns ib the sentenses.

The noun as a part of speech has the categorial meaning of "substance" or "thingness". It follows from this that the noun is the main nominative part of speech, effecting nomination of the fullest value within the framework of the notional division of the lexicon.

The noun has the power, by way of nomination, to isolate different properties of substances (i.e. direct and oblique qualities, and also actions and states as processual characteristics of substantive phenomena) and present them as corresponding self-dependent substances.

The categorial functional properties of the noun are determined by its semantic properties.

The most characteristic substantive function of the noun is that of the subject in the sentence, since the referent of the subject is the person or thing immediately named. The function of the object in the sentence is also typical of the noun as the substance word. Other syntactic functions, i.e. attributive, adverbial, and even predicative, although performed by the noun with equal ease, are not immediately characteristic of its substantive quality as such. It should be noted that, while performing these non-substantive functions, the noun essentially differs from the other parts of speech used in similar sentence positions. This may be clearly shown by transformations shifting the noun from various non-subject syntactic positions into subject syntactic positions of the same general semantic value, which is impossible with other parts of speech. E.g.:

Mary is a flower-girl.→ The flower-girl (you are speaking of) is Mary. He lives in Glasgow.→ Glasgow is his place of residence. This happened three years ago.→ Three years have elapsed since it happened.




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